|Its all about ships
FJORDS - BERGEN
Bergen is called the “gateway to the fjords”.
Situated on a promontory nestled between seven
mountains at th end of a fjord, Bergen gives a hint of
the fjord region.
The city dates from 1070 when King Olav III
founded a settlement here. By the 12th Century,
Bergen had grown to become the capital of Norway
Because of the influence of th Gulf stream, Bergen
has a relatively mild climate and a harbor that
remains mostly ice free during the winter. Thee
factors made Bergen an attractive port and trading
center. In the 14th Century, merchants from northern
Germany took control and made Bergen into the
largest city in Norway and an important port in the
After the decline of the League, 18th Century
Norwegian merchants took over the trade. In
particular, Norwegian cod became an important
export. Fishing remains an important industry today.
During the 19th Century, Bergen became a cultural
center. Composer Edward Grieg was a native of
Bergen. His house outside of the City is a popular
Bergen was the scene of fighting, including a naval
engagement, when Germany invaded Norway at the
beginning of World War II. Sections of the city were
severely damaged during the five-year occupation.
Today, Bergen remains an important commercial
center. In addition, it is an educational center with
the University of Bergen and several colleges.
Bergen has several museums depicting its history
including the Hanseatic Museum, the Bryggen
Museum and the Theta Museum (WW II resistance)
as well as historic buildings including the Old Guild
Hall and the Rosenkrantz Tower.
Left: The Gibbs Hill
Lighthouse was built of
cast iron in 1846.
Left: The cruise ships dock in
a commercial port. Because
of the commercial traffic,
shuttle buses are used to take
passengers into town.
The Bryggen, a
quay lines with
rows of timbered
houses, most of
which were built
between, the 14th
and 16th century,
is a World
Above: The open air fish market also sells flowers and other
Cruise ports - photo tour - Norwegian Fjords-Bergen, Norway
* This photo tour and the accompanying commentary should only be viewed as a general guide that is based upon one writer's research
and experiences. Accordingly, readers should do their own research prior to their journey. Beyondships is not affiliated with any of the
entities depicted or mentioned herein and assumes no responsibility for their actions and for the products and/or services they provide.
Nor is inclusion in this photo tour a recommendation of the entity shown, its products, services or facilities.
The approach to Bergen by sea is quite pretty, taking the
ship past islands and inlets with mountains towering in