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PORTS OF CALL
The guide to Halifax continues with the cruise port,
shopping and getting around.

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CRUISING TO

HALIFAX,
NOVA SCOTIA
Photo Tour*
OVERVIEW

Halifax is a frequent port of call on Canada/New England cruises.  
Although it becomes busiest during the early fall when the cruise
lines schedule their autumn leaves cruises, cruise ships call in
Halifax from late Spring on into the late Fall.  Essentially all of the
major cruise lines visit the port and many smaller lines as well.  
This follows naturally from the fact that Halifax offers not just scenic
beauty but cultural and historic things to do as well.

   The capital of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.  It is a small
(population 120,000), clean city with a mixture of historic and
modern buildings.  The city is physically centered around the harbor,
which remains quite busy.  However, within a few minutes drive,
one is in the countryside amongst forests and some 1,000 lakes.

     Most people speak English as their first language.  However,
French is also an official language and many people, particularly
government officials, speak both French and English.

     Halifax is one hour ahead of Eastern Standard time and four
hours behind the UK.

   Nova Scotia is known for its seafood.  Although servants in the
area supposedly once protested against being fed too much lobster,
tourists cannot seem to get enough.  Accordingly, there are numerous
seafood restaurants in and around Halifax.

   The weather in Halifax tends to be cooler than in the United
States, which is one of the reasons it is an attractive destination for
Americans seeking to get away from the summer heat at home.  
Average temperatures in the summer range from highs in the
mid-seventies to lows in the mid-fifties Fahrenheit.  In September
the range changes a high of 65 to a low of 50.  As one goes further
into the fall, the chance of rain increases but there are still many
clear, crisp days.

   In sum, Halifax is a cruise-friendly city.   It is not a city that exists
just for the tourists but the natives seem to be happy that people
come to see their city.  It is a relatively easy to navigate town with a
variety of things to do and see.  Not surprisingly, it is a popular port
of call..
Above: The dedication of the statue of Sir Samuel
Cunard that stands in the Cruise Pavilion area.  
Cunard was born in Halifax.

Below: Halifax is a cultural city with numerous
festivals and special exhibits.  For example, in
"Dolphins on Parade," artists decorated life-size
dolphin statues that were then placed around  the
downtown area.  
Halifax has several
historic churches.  St.
Matthew's United
Church is the oldest
continuing Protestant
congregation in
Canada.  St. Mary's
Cathedral Basilica
(right) is done in
Victorian Gothic
Revival style and boasts
the tallest polished
granite spire in North
America.
Nova Scotia means New
Scotland and the area
maintains its Scottish
heritage.  Above,
bagpipers from the
Royal Canadian
Mounted Police
entertain passengers on
Caribbean Princess
during a call in Halifax.
Left: A "Mountie" in
dress uniform.
  
OVERVIEW AND, HISTORY.....................................................................Page One

CRUISE PORT, SHOPPING AND GETTING AROUND...........................
Page Two

PLACES OF INTEREST..............................................................................Page Three
HISTORY   Halifax has been a port of call for seaborne
visitors for one thousand years.  The Vikings visited the area
around 1000 A.D. but did not settle here.  Similarly, John
Cabot explored the area in 1497 but did not stay.

    The first Europeans to come and stay were the French who
established a settlement in 1605.  The English arrived shortly
thereafter and for more than a century, France and England
vied for control.  The issue was settled in 1713, when in the
Treaty of Utrecht, France conceded the area to Britain.

    The British named the area Nova Scotia, which is Latin for
New Scotland.  This was a fortuitous choice as the Scots
would play an important role in the new territory’s history.  
Indeed, the ties between Nova Scotia and Scotland remain
strong and it is not unusual to hear bagpipes or see a display of
Highland dancing in Halifax today.

      Halifax, as a modern city, was established in 1749 when
Governor Edward Cornwallis arrived with 2,500 English
settlers.  However, the complexion of the area’s population
changed substantially over the years, largely due to strife in
other parts of the world.

      First, in 1755, as a product of the French and Indian War
in which Britain and France struggled for control of Quebec,
the French Acadia's in Nova Scotia were deported to Virginia
and Louisiana.  (Their descendents became known as Cajuns).

    Next, during and following the American War for
Independence, American colonists who had remained loyal to
the British Crown sought a new home in Canada.  Many settled
in Nova Scotia.

    Meanwhile, in Scotland, an unsuccessful uprising of the
Highland clans against the British Crown led to harsh laws
being imposed on the highlanders.  What better place for a
Scot to seek refuge than in New Scotland?

    Halifax has a fine, deep, natural harbor.  As a result during
the 19th century, it became an important transshipment port for
goods arriving by rail from the interior of Canada.  For the
same reason, it acted as a point of entry for immigrants coming
from Europe and then taking the trains to the inland provinces.

    During both World Wars, Halifax played an important role
as a base for assembling convoys to cross the Atlantic and for
anti-submarine operations.  The port remains an active naval
base.
The new.  While it is a tourist friendly city, it
is also a working town with its own life.  It is
home to colleges (above), businesses and
financial institutions (far left), a convention
center (middle left) and courts (below).
Halifax has a large array of dining
and drinking venues.  Cows (below)
offers premium ice cream and the staff
wear shirts with whimsical cow
designs.  The Garrison Brewery
(below right) is one of several
microbreweries in Halifax.  There are
also a number of pubs and bars.  
Indeed, several cruise ships offer "Pub
Crawls" as a shore excursion in
Halifax.
Cruise destination guide - - photo tour - - Halifax, Nova Scotia - - page 1
* This photo tour and the accompanying commentary should only be viewed as a general guide that is based upon one writer's research
and experiences.  Accordingly, readers should do their own research prior to their journey.  Beyondships is not affiliated with any of the
entities depicted or mentioned herein and assumes no responsibility for their actions and for the products and/or services they provide.
Nor is inclusion in this photo tour a recommendation of the entity shown, its products, services or facilities.
Halifax Tour Page One

Halifax Tour Page Two

Halifax Tour Page Three